In his place the russians bring babrak karmal from moscow, as their puppet ruler. Gromykoandropovustinovponomarev report to cc cpsu on the events in afghanistan on december 2728, 1979. Sep 09, 2019 a chronology of key events in the history of afghanistan, from the mid1800s to the present day. Dec 20, 2019 on december 24, 1979, the soviet union invades afghanistan, under the pretext of upholding the sovietafghan friendship treaty of 1978 as midnight approached, the soviets organized a massive. A professor at kabul university and scholar of afghanistan affairs at the time of the 1978 coup detat, kakar vividly describes the events surrounding the soviet invasion in 1979 and the encounter between the military superpower and the poorly armed afghans. What is a brief history of afghanistan in the 1970s till. Oct, 2012 retired kgb colonel valery samunin served in afghanistan for more than seven years as a foreign intelligence officer, and applied his knowledge and contacts to develop snegirevs investigation into a panoramic history of the decisionmaking that led to the disastrous soviet intervention in 1979. Discover the best afghan war military history in best sellers. In fact the soviet army stayed almost ten years, and afghanistan came to be seen as the soviet unions vietnam. William dalrymples top 10 books on afghanistan travel. Major news stories include three mile island nuclear accident, china institutes the one child per family rule, general knowledge quiz game trivial pursuit launched, pink floyd release the wall, ussr invades afghanistan for the first time in history in 1979 a woman margaret thatcher is elected prime minister in the uk. The republic of afghanistan 197378 civil war, communist phase 197892 civil war, mujahideentaliban phase 19922001 struggle for democracy. Afghanistan simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Volume 4 of afghanistan and the afghans, isbn 8186505350, 9788186505359 history of the war in afghanistan, sir john william kaye volume 2 of history of the war in afghanistan. That single year marked the emergence of revolutionary islam as a global political force, the beginning of market revolutions in china and britain that would radically alter the international economy, and the first stirrings of the resistance movements in eastern europe and afghanistan that ultimately led to. Afghanistan history soviet occupation, 19791989 foreign public opinion comment on soviet intervention in afghanistan baghdad. Very occasionally, as in the time of mahmud of ghazni, it has existed as a kingdom approximating more closely to the modern borders of aghanistan. As to the left ill say briefly why this was the finish for me. It is surrounded by large and powerful nations such as india, pakistan, and russia. The written recor ded hist ory of the land presently constit uting afghan istan can be traced back to around 500 bce when the area was under the achaemenid.
Shortly thereafter, the ussr sent troops into afghanistan, amin was executed, and the sovietsupported babrak karmal became president. The land has changed hands over the centuries as new empires have risen up and taken control. More broadly, the term also encompasses military activity within afghanistan after 1992but apart from the afghanistan. The soviets entered afghanistan in 1979 with the aim of establishing a key position in asia, one with trade possibilities and access to gulf oil, barnett rubin said in his book, the fragmentation. In february 1979, the united states ambassador to afghanistan, adolph dubs, was kidnapped by setami milli militants and was later killed during an assault carried out by the afghan police, assisted by soviet advisers. With the arrival of the 10th anniversary of american military involvement in afghanistan, this book is more than timely. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Contemporary afghanistan the last sixty years 19191979.
From the unpublished letters and journals of political and military officers employed in afghanistan throughout the entire period of british connexion with that country. International security assistance force, afghanistan understanding war in afghanistan is an excellent book for journeyman students of afghanistan. Soviet invasion of afghanistan, military action carried out in late december 1979 by soviet troops. Key dates in the history of the taliban and contemporary afghanistanby laura hayes and borgna brunner 1979 20002001200220062006present1979soviet union invades afghanistan. To understand afghan society, read before taliban and heroes of the age by david edwards, and afghanistan. Find the top 100 most popular items in amazon books best sellers. Cold war international history project bulletin, issues 89, winter 19961997, pp. Afghanistan history soviet occupation, 1979 1989 societies, etc. The soviet union intervened in support of the afghan communist government in its conflict with anticommunist muslim guerrillas during the afghan war 197892 and remained in afghanistan until midfebruary 1989. Named british army military book of the year in 2012.
Early september 1979 a rebel force is routed near kabul in a major battle, and later an offensive is mounted to destroy guerrillas in districts bordering pakistan. History of afghanistan this is a wikipedia book, a collection of wikipedia articles that can be easily saved, imported by an external electronic rendering service, and ordered as a printed book. Not only does it give them a summary of afghanistan s colorful geography and history, but it also presents an uptodate picture of where the war is heading and an informed discussion of. Specifically books that arent too dry and also focus on the american supported afghani mujahedeen that fought against the soviets. Primer on russian afghan war, 1979 1989, lessons learned dave shunk 26 december 2008 col dave shunk, usaf, ret.
It was into this climate that the taliban was born. Read on to understand how the war began in, but not against, afghanistan in 2001, and who the actors are now. Well researched, well written, and tremendously insightful. The communist prime minister, hafizullah amin, is either shot or commits suicide within a day of the soviet invasion. Soviet forces enter afghanistan mikhail evstafiev creative commons license many would argue that the story of how 911 came about goes back, at least, to 1979 when the soviet union invaded afghanistan, with which it shares a border. As midnight approached, the soviets organized a massive military airlift into kabul, involving an estimated 280 transport aircraft and three divisions of almost 8,500 men each. In december 1979, the ussr invades afghanistan on dec. Mar 27, 20 william dalrymple published on wed 27 mar 20 07.
Lee uses his command of persian, an abundance of british and american archival sources, and a critical historiographical approach to provide readers with a refreshingly original treatment of afghanistan s modern political history. The tragedy of afghanistan by sayed qasim reshtya, bardi editore, roma italy 1984, part i, section 3 pages 3142 we have spoken of the history and historical role of afghanistan, and of its strategic geopolitical importance in that sensitive area of the world. Richard nortontaylor relives russias illfated afghan adventure. Afghan war, in the history of afghanistan, the internal conflict that began in 1978 between anticommunist islamic guerrillas and the afghan communist government aided in 197989 by soviet troops, leading to the overthrow of the government in 1992. Primer on russian afghan war, 19791989, lessons learned. The september 11th sourcebooks national security archive. Afghanistan officially called islamic republic of afghanistan. Jan 09, 2017 there are several books that are excellent in covering different aspects of afghanistans history. This book is about the history of afghanistan in urdu. In his new book, bruce riedel tells the story of the uss secret war in afghanistan. Few moments in history have seen as many seismic transformations as 1979. The afghanistan war and islamic fundamentalism in the late 1970s the government faced increasing popular opposition to its social policies.
Taraki leaves for havana, cuba, to represent afghanistan at the sixth summit conference of nonaligned nations, leaving the government in the hands of amin. History early history the location of afghanistan astride the land routes between the indian subcontinent, iran, and central asia has enticed conquerors throughout history. Field museum of natural history, 1979 ocolc656109865. Jan 29, 2019 president trump claimed the soviet union went to war in 1979 to battle terrorists. Popular afghanistan books meet your next favorite book.
Best nonfiction war books, around the world one book from each country, best iraq and afghanistan war books, best books on special forces m. Since the late 1970s afghanistan has suffered continuous and brutal civil war, which included foreign interventions in the form of the 1979 soviet invasion and the recent 2001 u. The russians in afghanistan, 197989 main by braithwaite, sir rodric isbn. Oldrich tuma, czechoslovakia and the war in afghanistan, 1979 1989, cold war international history project bulletin hereafter cwihp 1415 20034 pp. Brief overview of the history of afghanistan the area that is today afghanistan is sometimes called the crossroads of central asia. Best books about the soviet invasion of afghanistan. Afghanistan by mohammed kakar paperback university of. A historical timeline of afghanistan politics updated on dec 31, 2014 1. The history of the us war in afghanistan thoughtco.
Informative and well written, sir rodric braithwaites afgantsy is an invaluable bookto russians but even more so to americans, who are repeating most of the same mistakes in afghanistan. Soviet invasion of afghanistan, invasion of afghanistan in late december 1979 by troops from the soviet union. Its high mountains, although hindering unity, helped the hill tribes to preserve their independence. The hamid karzai presidency, nato takeover, and taliban resurgence. Ahmed rashid, a fearless reporter and authority on the politics of afghanistan, came to world attention after 911 when his book taliban was recognized to be virtually the only serious book on the. A communist coup in the late 1970s overthrew the established regime and led to the invasion of soviet troops in 1979. Jan 01, 2014 the soviet unions invasion of afghanistan 1979 1989 was a turning point in history. In his new book, bruce riedel tells the story of the uss secret war in afghanistan and the. Oct 10, 2006 the soviets entered afghanistan in 1979 with the aim of establishing a key position in asia, one with trade possibilities and access to gulf oil, barnett rubin said in his book, the. But ruling afghanistan in these circumstances proves impossible.
What are the best books about the soviet war in afghanistan from 1979 to 89. The attacks of september 11, 2001 surprised many americans. The book should be read as both good history and as a salutary warning. Gilles dorronsoro with coalition intervention and the subsequent deposition of the ulemadominated taliban government, the educated elites are back in power. Russian tanks rollws into the very same streets where hassan and amir played, bringing the death of the afghanistan and marking the start of a still ongoing era of bloodletting. Bradsher, afghan communism and soviet intervention oup 1999 pp. The sovietafghan war 197989 essential histories osprey. The biodiversity heritage library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. Afghan war, in the history of afghanistan, the internal conflict that began in 1978 between anticommunist islamic guerrillas and the afghan communist government aided in 1979 89 by soviet troops, leading to the overthrow of the government in 1992. Us officials believed taliban prisoners were using the books to. Moscow said the troops would be there six months, to help bring peace to the country. The value of afgantsy the name given to russian veterans of afghanistan lies in the mainly sympathetic personal anecdotes and the pictures the author paints of the conditions in which.
To quote from ospreys web page, each essential histories book studies the origins, politics, fighting and repercussions of one major war or theatre of war, from both military and civilian perspectives. It has borders with pakistan in the south and east, iran in the west, turkmenistan, uzbekistan and tajikistan in the north, and china in the far northeast. On december 27, 1979, the ussr invaded afghanistan to save an endangered communist regime. The written recorded history of the land presently constituting afghanistan can be traced back to around 500 bce when the area was under the achaemenid empire, although evidence indicates that an advanced degree of urbanized culture has existed in the land since between 3000 and 2000 bce. Author rodric braithwaite provides unparalled and unique insights into the russian invasion and occupation of afghanistan from 1979 to 1989. In late december 1979, the world held its breath as thousands of soviet troops were sent into afghanistan. Afghansty is in fact afghanistan from a russian perspective a useful and valuable work. It was often called the russian vietnam as the soviet troops found themselves mired in battle with an enemy that had little structure, struck without warning and enjoyed strong local support. The peoples democratic party of afghanistan, founded in 1965 but almost immediately riven into two hostile wings, had been induced by moscow into unifying in 1977 in order to seize power the following year. From time to time it has been linked with the northern plains of india, as under the kushan dynasty of the 2nd century ad.
Here is american society, attacked under open skies in broad daylight by the most reactionary and vicious force in the contemporary world, a force which treats afghans and algerians and egyptians far worse than it has yet been able to treat us. Afghanistan 1979 the war that changed the world youtube. But since then, many enduring myths have grown up about the wartorn country. But a newly published cable underscores moscows fear that afghanistan would switch loyalties to the west. It was an understated coda to the most successful covert intelligence operation in american history. This book, the sovietafghan war 197989, by gregory fermontbarnes, is an entry in osprey publishings essential history series.
That single year marked the emergence of revolutionary islam as a global political force, the beginning of market revolutions in china and britain that would radically alter the international economy, and the first stirrings of the resistance movements in eastern europe and afghanistan that ultimately led to the collapse. Afghanistan history, map, flag, capital, population. This impressive book results from lees professional lifetimes work in afghanistan. Nov 20, 2012 this book, the sovietafghan war 1979 89, by gregory fermontbarnes, is an entry in osprey publishings essential history series. The region of afghanistan has for much of history been part of the persian empire. List of books and articles about afghan history online. Greek, arab, mongol, and tartar, and, in more recent times, british, russian, and american. Dubs death led to a major deterioration in afghanistan. Roughly a decade later, the soviet union withdrew, condemning afghanistan to a civil war that tore apart the nations last remnants of religious, ethnic, and political unity. On december 24, 1979, the soviet union invades afghanistan, under the pretext of upholding the sovietafghan friendship treaty of 1978.98 35 440 479 732 904 470 650 1543 732 555 265 950 575 1030 1494 959 186 804 1455 690 1491 1259 671 1467 19 1124 891 141 705 1164 103 914 1334 1379 1363 941 584 994 606