Postharvest studies on pepino dulce solanum muricatum ait. The gorgeous round fruits of the melon pear are cream skinned with purple streaks and have deliciously sweet and juicy flesh which is a succulent mixture of honeydew melon and cucumber. Pepino melon scientifically known as solanum muricatum is a small bush or shrub belonging to the nightshade or solanaceae, the same family as potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, bell peppers and chili peppers. Pepino melon pear seeds solanum muricatum, pepino dulce solanaceae plant world seeds. Pepino is a fruit bearing shrub similar to a tomatoe vine. It was then i realized that i didnt remember anything about it. It was originally detected on pepino plants solanum muricatum in peru in 1974.
Antioxidant activity of ripe and unripe pepino fruit. I must confess that i have thought very long and hard about the possibility of publishing this text in book format in order to relieve the financial burden upon myself that has resulted from a lifetime of mental and emotional suffering due to my own personal involvement with the enigma. The shocking violence of modern war summoned owens poetic genius, and in a twoyear period he. Phenolic profile and biological activities of the pepino solanum.
Pepino can be found in lost crops of the incas from national academy press. This study suggests that possible mechanism of the biological activities may be due to free radical scavenging and antioxidant characteristics, which may be due to the presence of polyphenols in the fruit extracts. Ripe pepino had higher total phenol and flavonoid content than unripe fruit. Pepino solanum muricatum produces green or purple melonlike fruit on a small 3foot bush. Pepino or pepino dulce sweet cucumber is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m 3ft 3in grown for its sweet edible fruit similar to honeydew or rockmelon and with a juicy melonlike texture.
Toma were harvested at three stages of ripeness mature green, turning, and ripe and stored at various temperatures 020 c for up to four. This video explains the best way to germinate and grow the exotic melonlike fruit, pepino from seeds as well as how to grow a pepino plant from a cutting. Pepino dulce is a small, unarmed, herbaceous plant or bush with a woody base and fibrous roots. Virosis del pepino dulce elvirusdelmosaicodelpepino dulceenelcultivodeltomateyii. The pepino has a thin, creamy colored, sometimes purple spotted skin much like a tomato. Descriptors for pepino solanum muricatum bioversity international. The mean weight of pepino fruit g depending on clone and plants treatment number of clone treatment 1 234 5 6mean selfpollination 149. Pepino solanum muricatum also known as pepino dulce or pear melon is a plant that is originally grown in south america, mainly for its juicy fruits. Solanum muricatum is a species of evergreen shrub native to south america and grown for its sweet edible fruit it is known as pepino dulce sweet cucumber in english, in order to differentiate it from cucumber which is also called pepino in spanish or simply pepino.
Skin color changes with ripening from green to pale white to cream to yellow with purple stripes. Jun 27, 2011 how to water succulents or cacti how often to you need to water a succulent or cactus en espanol duration. Pepino is usually cultivated for its edible fruits, but also has other economic uses. In annex ii, the reader will find a collecting form for pepino that will facilitate. Pepino mosaic virus in greenhouse tomatoes march, 2018 virus description and distribution pepino mosaic virus pepmv is a member of genus potexvirus which infects mainly solanaceous plants, including tomato, potato and tobacco. It is grown in a manner similar to its relatives such as the tomato, although it grows. Descriptors for pepino solanum muricatum ecpgr cgiar. Pepino dulce or cachun solanum muricatum ait fruits. After this initial description no further findings were recorded.
The yellow interior is finegrained and sweetly aromatic, intensifying as it ripens. Distribution top of page pepino mosaic virus was first described in 1980 jones et al. Pepino dulce fruit facts fruit facts are a series of publications of the california rare fruit growers, inc. The plant is native to temperate andean regions of colombia, peru and chile. Aug 19, 2016 the pepino melon has a lightyellow to lightgreen skin, streaked with purple variegations.
Dulces, mexico, panes, postres, recetas, verduras, yucatan. The plant is small enough to be grown satisfactorily in a container. Antioxidant activity of ripe and unripe pepino fruit solanum. How to be productive at home from a remote work veteran. Pepino melon, pepino dulce a medium sized 25 fruit with a mild taste, very similar to cantaloupe. In spite of being a prominent crop in prehispanic times in the andes, interest in pepino was cast into oblivion from some decades after the spanish arrival to the. Additional pepino plant information, sometimes called pepino dulce, tells us that the name pepino comes from the spanish word for cucumber while dulce is the word for sweet. Ma treatments were induced by the use of sealed polyethylene film bags with different gas permeability. The pepino fruit is a diploid 2n 24 subtropical species and is also known as melon pear, melon shrub, or sweet cucumber. Solanum species, melon pear, pepino solanum muricatum. The antioxidant potency was investigated by employing various established in vitro systems, such as 1,1. Pepino dulce or melon pear solanum muricatum author.
Ripe and unripe exotic pepino fruit were evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenols, and flavonoid content. Recently, pepino is successfully cultivated not only in south and north america, but also in australia, europe, asia and the middle east countries such as turkey. The flesh, when ripe is golden yellow with a narrow seed cavity. Fruit quality of pepino dulce may be manipulated by crop management, thus. This sweet melonlike fruit is a good source of vitamin c with 35 mg per 100 grams. So at the raffle, when my ticket was called, i picked a a pepino dulce in a 3gallon pot. The fruit was harvested in ovalle iv region, chile at two maturity stages, m1 and m2, based in ground color and size. Dulce is a small town with one motel and a gas station, but underneath the surface of the.
In 1999 the virus was again diagnosed from greenhousegrown tomato plants in the netherlands. Pepino,solanum muricatum, is an herbaceous subshrub that has long been grown in its native andean south america. The plant resembles its relative the tomato, but the fruit tastes more like a. Today pepino dulce is cultivated mostly in the mountains of. Pepino dulce has been grown and has fruited in the milder areas of northern california sunset climate zones 16 and 17. Twice wounded in battle, owen was rapidly promoted and eventually became a company commander.159 1021 1262 360 1174 1601 836 1496 233 1399 1594 449 1153 705 1300 415 1373 882 1431 1316 937 203 1252 210 211 623 1389 780 753 354 76 226 657 1042 1438 255 581 1055 610 875 1491 582 604 1398