Auxiliary relays are used with protective relays to complete a protection and control scheme. It is recommended that protective and auxiliary relays be given a complete calibration test and inspection at least once a year. Acceptance testing, commissioning, and startup will include control power tests, current transformer and potential transformer tests, and any other device testing associated with the protective relay. Operation and maintenance of protective relays and. The tests themselves will reveal catastrophic failures which would have prevented the relay from performing when called upon to operate, while properly maintained records will reveal. Automated testing programs are not suited for commission function testing inject current and voltage based on relay s settings not be able to detect setting errors typos bad system data do not test programmed logic or specific io functions. With our cmc test sets we approach these challenges by providing you with stateoftheart technology that is renowned for its reliability, precision, and versatility. Commission testing methods for protection systems mipsycon. This isnt much different than an ad converter test during a preventative maintenance test. Assessing the effectiveness of selftests and other. Protection system maintenance a nerc technical reference page 2 purpose. The relay will now use 30% of this itotto derive its actual restraint current, i. Compare relay meter readings to other meters to verify calibration of both devices. If relay settings are used as inputs into the test setup, you are only testing that the relay behaves according to how you have programmed it.
Which of the procedures described below are added to your test plan will depend on the specific project or industry specifications, to be determined by the equipment owner or system engineer. Instrument transformers correlation to drawings one lines ac schematics dc schematics. Introduction a power system simulator for relay testing should be. Page 3 of 15 standard work practice sp0518 ver 2 ergon energy corporation limited abn 50 087 646 062 ergon energy queensland pty ltd abn 11 121 177 802 return the relay scheme to service in an acceptable standard. Examples of testing of line protection and transformer protection are described. Fuse an overcurrent protective device with a circuitopening fusible part that.
This revolutionary product, the most modern equipment of its class, fulfills the requirements of the. Faults instrument transformers correlation to drawings. These tests are done to show that protection relays are free from defects during manufacturing process. A careers worth of relay testing experience you can carry with you on the job. Protective relay test sets switchgear, or relay testers, are ideal for testing single, 3, 4 and 6 phase protection relay systems. Protective relay a relay whose function is to detect defective lines or apparatus or other power system conditions of an abnormal or dangerous nature and to initiate appropriate control circuit action. Periodic relay testing is, first and foremost, preventive maintenance. Click download or read online button to get the relay testing handbook 8d book now. Grounding protective relay for trans former protection, 263 ground preference, 91, 108 ground resistance, 303 groundingtranaformer protection, 268 hsrmoniccurrent restraint, for distance relays, 357 for transformer differential relays, 257 holding coil, 18 impedance diagram, see rx diagram impedance relay, characteristic on rx. Digital simulator applications in protective relay testing. Protection relay testing and commissioning cedengineering. Assuming the relay which is responsible is known further information is needed to be evaluated 1.
This report provides a survey of protective relaying technology and its associated communications technology used in todays power transmission systems. Use relay output control functions to verify output contacts, iffaults are infrequent. Protection systems play a key role for the safe and reliable operation of todays electricity power systems. Properly working protection devices help to maintain the safety of the system and to safeguard assets from damage. They require testing during different stages of relay development, commissioning, maintenance, configuration and troubleshooting. Pdf mv switchgear protection relays inspection and test procedure find, read and cite all the research you need on. Types of electrical protection relays or protective relays. This volume does not cover verifying circuits or testing devices involved with.
Thus, procedures and records should be designed with preventive maintenance as the guide. The relay testing handbook 8d download ebook pdf, epub. Information to test any protective relay, create your own test plans, and perform tests in the field, regardless of manufacturer. A monitoring relay whose function is to limit the operation of associated protective relays to specific field protective relay a relay that functions to prevent overheating of the field excitation winding by reducing or interrupting the excitation of the shunt field. The creators of these relays were true geniuses as they were able to apply their knowledge of electrical systems and protection to create protective relays using. Virtually every testing job will, in some way, ask you to do something you have no idea how to do. The reason for the discrepancy will not be a change in the relay characteristic but a change in the test conditions, for example, the relays proximity to a steel cabinet. Pw460 pw460 615a, 4300v is the 3 phase relay test equipment can test all types of protective relays. Protective relays are important parts of power transmission network.
Field test procedure for protective relays, november 1991. Protection relay testing for commissioning swp check this is the latest process zone version before use. Protection relay guides electrical engineering portal. Protective relay testing using a modern digital real time. The relay is a well known and widely used component. Endtoend testing is considered to be the ultimate test for protective relay. This guide focuses on the general approach and specific procedures for testing protective relaying systems that include multiple interacting relay components, auxiliary devices, and power apparatus. This book was written for relay testers, rather than design engineers, so you no longer have to decipher engineering textbooks when performing relay tests. This includes all relay outputs and all devices in breaker trip circuits such as lockout relays, limit. End testing is not a substitute for relay calibration note that many relay calibration routines will not address functionally testing or calibrating communications. Abstractperforming tests on individual relays is a common practice for relay engineers and technicians. Universal secondary injection test set for testing all kind of protective relays and protection schemes. Protective relays relay acceptance testing owner preferences verify 100% of all included analog and digital io even if not all the io are used load relay settings digital relays setting files loaded into relays vendor specific software tools verify by comparing relay to setting file should be no differences. To shorten testing and commissioning times of siprotec relays, extensive test and diagnostic functions are available to the user in digsi 5.
Pdf remote protective relay testing mustarum musaruddin. Relay settings at all new protective relay installations, the re lays should be adjusted in accordance with the settings given in the relay data sheets furnished by the denver office, after which, tests should be made to determine if the actual operating characteristics check with the adjustments. This relay test kit has inbuilt output monitoring and recording function and also supports testing kit iec 61850 ied. Periodic inservice load readings, relay io testing, em relay. The relay testing handbook is an indispensable resource that every relay tester should keep at their fingertips. Communication systems required for protection system operation. The purpose of this standard work practice swp is to standardise and prescribe the method for testing of protection relays for.
Auxiliary relays respond to control system currents or voltages. A comprehensive testing program should simulate fault and normal operating conditions of the relay. Protective relay system the entire protective system, including the relays themselves, all associated wiring and terminals, all relay inputs and their current and voltage sources, control relays, and associated sensors and transducers. A relay is automatic device which senses an abnormal condition of electrical circuit and closes its contacts. Most utilities have a wide variety of test plans and practices. Applications range from classic panel built control systems to modern interfaces between control microprocessors and their power circuits or any application where reliable galvanic separation is required between different circuits. The goal of protective relay testing is to maximize the availability of protection and minimize risk of relay misoperation. As modern protective relays become increasingly more powerful and complex. Commissioning tools compliant for iec 61850 environments, high burden electromechanical relays, gps and irigb can be completed by allinone test sets. For these tests, the relay outputs are normally disconnected from the remainder of the protection scheme, as it is a test carried out to prove correct relay, rather than scheme, operation. Sp0518 protection relay testing for commissioning swp pdf file.
To ensure all transmission and generation protection systems affecting the reliability of the bulk electric system bes are maintained and tested. Protective relays respond to measurements of current andor voltage of the power system, and have settings or adjustments. Protective relay testing verification and documentation. In order to ensure reliable operation, protective relays as well as recloser controls must be tested throughout their. The paper proposes remote protective relay test system via application service. The participant will learn the basics of distribution protection combined with handson, realistic training on actual relays. Protective relay testing can find flaws in your protective relay that may prevent it from detecting the small changes in the power system. Inspection, testing and commissioning of electrical. Proper power plant training prepares operators to handle protective relays quickly and effectively, minimizing downtime. In the case of a recent relay development project, it was found that if one person had to complete all the work, it would take 4 years to write the functional typetest.
Protective relay testing may be divided into three categories. Iaictliac 60 field relay power system device function. In electrical engineering, a protective relay is a relay device designed to trip a circuit breaker when a fault is detected 4 the first protective relays were electromagnetic devices, relying on coils operating on moving parts to provide detection of abnormal operating conditions such as overcurrent, overvoltage, reverse power flow, overfrequency, and underfrequency. The purpose of testing protective of the features are 4. The protective relay maintenance distribution course is an intensive, handson, lab oriented presentation. Three distance relays are tested using the proposed methodology. Optional accessories include external amplifier,gps,circuit breaker simulator,current booster,etc. The digital simulator based protective relay test setup used for the application of physical relay testing is described. When a modern numerical protection relay with many functions is assessed, each of which has to be typetested, the functional typetesting involved is significant issue. Must also perform energizing procedures and in service load checks. Thus, the true purpose of preventative maintenance may be lost. Testing will be done at several stages during manufacture.395 551 1437 1505 1000 1375 319 133 501 669 622 698 479 396 407 106 458 1595 308 344 476 1612 799 701 1127 1119 931 944 353 1247 1414 823 1004 526 688 1039 47 468 112 1363 1000 1176 770 1058 471 143