Jacob riis 18491914 was a pioneering newspaper reporter and social reformer in new york at the turn of the twentieth century. Paragraph numbers apply to this excerpt, not the original source. Lewis hine and jacob riis the founding fathers of documentary photography in light of the discussion about the effect, motivations and portrayal of truth in documentary, hine and riis are two photographers stand out as fundamental documentary photographers. Boston, july 19 illustrated with photographs by lewis hine. The narrator and protagonist of the book, riis is a danish immigrant himselfthough we would never know that from simply reading how the other half lives.
As tenement living conditions became unbearable in the wake of massive immigration. Subject name date how the other half lives how the other half lives is a good piece of work by jacob a. How the other half lives is one of those unusual books that changed history in a material way, directly affecting the lives of millions of people. Among the 15, only jacob, one sister, and the foster sister survived into the twentieth century. In their own way, each carries on jacob riis legacy. Isbn 9780312478957 9780312478957 hardcover, bedfordst. The making of an american by jacob riis shop for books. For more than seventy years, penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the englishspeaking world. He was the third of the fifteen children born to the couple. How the other half lives by jacob riis january 19, 2015 patrick t reardon 0 the five blind men and women lived in the attic room in a rundown tenement in new york city in the late 1800s, and jacob a.
Jacob riis was born to niels edward riis and carolina riis in ribe denmark. Background essay on jacob riis and lewis hine herb cuny. Jacob riis progressive photography and impact on the. His thennovel idea of using photographs of the citys slums to illustrate the plight of impoverished residents established riis as forerunner of modern photojournalism.
Studies among the tenements of new york, 1890, introduction, ch. Two urban photographers, jacob riis and lewis hine, took up the effort to explore the. Through his groundbreaking articles, lectures, books and most famously photographs, riis exposed the abysmal living conditions suffered by tens. These included child labor, tenement life, and the miserable situation of immigrants. The records offer a unique view of the first wave of the settlement house movement in america, and document social. Riis as far as conveying the life of the tenements to the studentshare our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. How the other half lives by photojournalist jacob riis is a study of the living conditions of the new york city slums of the 1880s. Born in denmark but later immigrating to new york city, the vast majority of riis work was spent photographing and documenting the lives of poor immigrants in new yorks slums. For many of the writers this is not their only book nor their most famous, but they are all tied in with the progressive era. Inspired by early fine art photographers like alfred stieglitz, his images are a mix of artistry and photojournalism.
Jacob riis how the other half lives jacob riis photographs. How the other half lives jacob riis by jacob riis nook. But whereas riis photographed his subjects as helpless victims, beaten down by an oppressive system, hine sought to present his subjects as people with pride and dignity, often tough and defiant, who held out hope for a better world. Jacob a riis, first edition abebooks shop for books. In the course of his work he observed the tenement neighborhoods of the lower eastside and became outraged at the living conditions endured by new york s immigrant poor. Works of jacob riis ebook by jacob riis 1230000109297. Background essay on jacob riis and lewis hine herb.
Analysis of the book muckraker by jacob riis 867 words 4 pages. Pdf the origin of lewis hines invention of social documentary photography can be. Studies among the tenements of new york, and the battle with the slum, and more on. In fact, his work helped ensure american child labor laws were enacted in the early 20th century. The author provides not only a physical description of the tenement buildings but delves deeper into the people who live there and why they dont leave the pits of filth and despair. The definitive study of the images made by a pioneer journalist and photographer who passionately advocated for americas urban poor danishborn jacob a. Jacob riis wrote it for no other purpose than to call attention to the horrendous living conditions of the poor in new york city, and to insist on reform. As a work of muckraking journalism, how the other half lives exposed the horrid conditions of some of the poorest americans to the upper and middle classes. When lewis hine started photographing children at work in 1908, child labour.
Lewis hine, early 20th century photography for social change. Meier wrote that jacob riis was able to present facts and details in an orderly manner of writing or speaking, thus giving a stirring word picture of the conditions which needed. Jacob riis, an immigrant from denmark, became a journalist in new york city in the late 19th century and devoted himself to documenting the plight of working people and the very poor. San francisco, 16 january 2009 as the son of an african immigrant prepares to assume the highest office in the land, tom bukswientys portrait of muckraking journalist and reformer jacob riis is both instructive and inspiring. Listed here are some of the many publications which include material. A ten year war an account of the battle with the slum in new york children of the tenements hero tales of the far north. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read how the other half lives. Handprints and character analyses of celebrities formed the basis of her 1937 bestseller, lions paws. First published in 1890, jacob riiss remarkable study of the horrendous living conditions of the poor in new york city had an immediate and extraordinary impact on society, inspiring reforms that affected the lives of millions of people. Jacob riis and lewis hine were among the first reformers to use photography to document the effects of industrialization and urbanization on workingclass americans. Intended for children, this book includes photos by jacob riis and lewis hine, illustrating text about the immigration experience from the perspective of those.
Jacob riis, 18491914, is another one of my favorite photographers. Two of the most talented early documentary photographers were jacob riis and lewis hine. While his father was a school teacher and an occasional writer, his mother worked as a homemaker. Their photos showed sideeffects of the industrial revolution. Documenting the social scene beginning in the late 19th century, with the emergence of organized social reform movements and the creation of inexpensive means of creating reproducing photographs, a form of social photography.
The work has drawn comparisons to that of jacob riis, the. Jacob riis and the tenement population, nineteenthcentury contexts 24, no. The radical images of lewis hine, documentary photographer. They used the photography to dennounce the poverty that many people in the city were suffering and against the child labour. Riis neighborhood settlement records nypl archives. This short essay describes jacob riis and lewis hines, two important documentary photographers of the turn of the twentieth century. Muckraker was a journalist who pushed for reform in publications that covered the issues of society for the middle and wealthy classes. For photography lovers or for those who are fond of photography. National child labor committee collection selected bibliography. Lewis hines and jacob riis for example, were well known progressive era photographers. Riis 18491914 found success in america as a reporter for the new york tribune, first documenting crime and later turning his eye to housing reform.
Jacob riis 18491914 was an american reporter, social reformer, and photographer. Through articles, books, photography, and lanternslide lectures, riis served as a mediator between workingclass, middleclass, and upperclass citizens. He is known for using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in new york city. Jacob riis interest in the plight of marginalized citizens can also be seen as a forerunner of street photography. Following in the footsteps of jacob riis, american photographer and sociologist lewis hine used his camera to spark social change. Jacob a riis jacob august riis may 3, 1849 may 26, 1914 was a danish american social reformer, muckraking journalist and social documentary photographer.
A danish born journalist and photographer, who exposed the lives of individuals that lived in inhumane conditions, in tenements and new yorks slums with his photography. A dynamic table of contents allows you to jump directly to the work selected. Jacob riis and lewis hine are two photographers mentioned in the article about comporate power that emilio gave us last thursday. Before hine took his camera to ellis island to photograph immigrants who were just arriving. Open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Studies among the tenements of new york 1890 was a pioneering work of photojournalism by jacob riis, documenting the squalid living conditions in new york city slums in the 1880s. Three urchins huddling for warmth in window well on nys lower east side, 1889 history of ny photography. Riis began his career as a police reporter for the new york tribune. It served as a basis for future muckraking journalism by exposing the slums to new york citys upper and middle class. Nellie simmons meier papers, manuscript division, library of congress 098. Both used photography to show sideeffects of the industrial revolutionconditions such as child labor, tenement life, and the plight of the immigrant. Riis, in his book, how the other half lives, vividly describes the human condition of the tenements of new york during the late 1800s. Jacob riis and alfred steiglitz, reveals hine as a selfconscious and tolerant.
Riis during the 1890s, to its activities a century later providing social services to residents of the queensbridge houses. This is a book was written by jacob riis, who was a muckraking journalist. His book how the other half lives 1890 shocked readers with his descriptions of slum conditions in new york city, and it was an important predecessor to the muckraking journalism that gained popularity in the u. Jacob riis photographs still revealing new yorks other. As a practitioner of palmistry, nellie simmons meier had a special interest in the hands of famous people. The republishing of the original book is admirable, but readers should not expect the quality found in books published fresh in this era because the publishing and photographic technology of the 1890s was a. How the other half lives was the book that invented investigative journalism, and pushed photo journalism into the main stream as well. Riis did not limit such arrangements to the street toughs but posed more than a half a dozen images of young boys sleeping in stairwells and doorways. An examination of social reform work done by jacob riis and lewis hine using. His work, especially in his landmark 1890 book how the other half lives, had an enormous impact on american society. Book by jacob riis which included many photos regarding the slums and the inhumane living conditions. In the late 1800s, new techniques made it possible to use photography to document social issues of the day. Studies among the tenements of new york by jacob a. Riis neighborhood settlement records document the institution from its origins in the benevolent work of the kings daughters and jacob a.
Jacob riis how the other half lives 1890 excerpts from the original electronic text available through the american studies department at yale university. Both riis and hine believed that if people could see the living conditions of the slums and the abuses of child labor, they would be motivated to take actions to improve those conditions and stop those abuses. History on the net authentic history 189819 progressivism riis illustrations how the other half lives, by jacob riis list of photographs and illustrations. Jacob a riis, first edition abebooks passion for books. The book is a tour that takes middleclass readers through back alleys. Instead, although riis faced similarly precarious conditions as those of the new york tenement residents he portrays, he positions himself as a true that is, white, christian american like his imagined reader. Riiss most popular book is how the other half lives. The character of jacob riis in how the other half lives.658 1350 761 625 601 1153 397 139 1335 296 1596 524 472 454 366 635 1004 1550 1032 1063 1297 1214 652 824 817 175 1284 40 789 49 944 803 1316 999 1092 180 1392 624 732 1177 1074 661 1265 687